Prehistoric breweries found

Beer brewing practices existed in the Eastern Mediterranean over five millennia before the earliest known evidence, discovered in northern China

Stone mortars discovered in the Raqefet Cave within the 13,000-year old Natufian burial cave site in Israel suggest in brewing cereal-based beer millennia before the establishment of sedentary villages and cereal agriculture. The Natufians at Raqefet Cave collected locally available plants, stored malted seeds, and made beer as a part of their rituals.

The use-wear patterns and micro-botanical assemblage suggest that two of the three examined boulder mortars were used as storage containers for plant foods including wheat/barley malts. The findings, published in the Journal of Archeological Science, came from an archaeological collaboration project between Stanford University in the United States, and University of Haifa, Israel.

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